主动语态,,英语主动语态变被动语态例句

区域教育     2021-02-16    浏览:0

英语主动语态变被动语态例句
主动句:My father wrote the book.我父亲写了这本书。
被动句:The book was written by my father.这本书是我父亲写的
主动句:Our village has built a plastic factory.我们村已经建了一座塑料厂。
被动句:A plastic factory has been built in our village.一座塑料厂在我们村建成了。
主动句:He gave me a dictionary.他给了我一本词典。
被动句:I was given a dictionary by him.
被动句:A dictionary was given(to)me by him.词典是他给我的。
主动句:He teaches us English.他教我们英语。
被动句:We are taught English by him.
被动句:English is taught(to)us by him.英语是他教我们的。
主动句:We made him our group leader.我们让他当了我们组长。
被动句:He was made our group leader.他被选为我们的组长。
主动句:They chose Mr.Li their doctor in 1987.1987年他们选李先生当他的医生。
被动句:Mr.Li was chosen their doctor in 1987.1987年李先生被选为他们的医生。
主动句:We saw him enter the classroom.我们看见他进了教室。
被动句:He was seen to enter the classroom.他被看见走进了教室。
主动句:He made the boy sit down.他使那孩子坐下。
被动句:The boy was made to sit down.那孩子被迫坐下。
被动式谓语时,它们原来所带的介词或副词应保留下来。例如:
主动句:She often looks after the children.她常照顾孩子。
被动句:The children are often looked after.孩子常受到照顾。
主动句:We talked about the matter very often.我们常谈起那事。
被动句:The matter was very often talked about.这事常被谈起。
主动句:She has taken my exercise-books away.她已拿走了我练习本。
被动句:My exercise-books have been taken away.我的练习本被拿走了。
主动句:You must turn off the light before you go to bed.睡觉之前你们必须关灯。
被动语态和主动语态的区别
从结构来说,被动语态的公式是be动词+动词过去分词,意思是被怎么怎么样了,其中的be动词随句子时态变化而变化,比如我昨天吃了个苹果,I ate an apple yesterday.这是主动语态,苹果被我吃了,The apple was eaten by me yesterday.各种时态中的be动词变化你需要自己去学习,因为说起来很麻烦,还会把你搞晕。再从表达来说,被动语态要委婉一点。有一个难点我用句子来说明,我发现他玩电脑,I found him play computer yesterday.这个句子变为被动语态千万不可以是
He was found play computer by me yesterday.应该用不定式来修饰play,所以应该是He was found to play computer by me yesterday.谢谢

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